Data for food supply is drawn from the FAO food balance sheets. This information is based on a calculations of all uses of food such as imports, exports, feed for animals and then finding the remaining leftover. This value is calculated in kilocalories, per person, per day. While this value does represent a measure of food supply, it does not account for any wasted food. This data spans the years 1961 to 2013.
|Per Capita Caloric Supply Descriptives|
With an average value of nearly 2600 calories over the entire data, this is just around what is recommended for the average male. This however does not take into account the activity level of the individual or other health features. While the supply of food can, and does, reach critically low levels during periods such as famines, upper bounds are constrained. As wealth increases in a society, the amount of calories individuals intake do not increase in a linear fashion but can begin to plateau or even recede.
Food supply is an acute measure of social welfare and food security. Increases in daily caloric supply can be attributed to food access for the relatively insecure, rather than an increased share by the wealthy. This feature makes per capita food supply a good proxy for public wellbeing and as a result, satisfaction. Public disposition towards the regime can lead to unrest in the form of riots and protests. Food riots have taken place across numerous countries and time periods. Public unrest is not always determined by food insecurity however, as some regimes are more or less open to forms of discontent. In open political systems we expect food insecurity to have a more likely influence on social unrest.1 Regimes also provide a varying degree of assistance to agriculture through subsidies and assistance.
|Provisional - Civilian||46||2279.282609||456.691175||1713||1989.75||2146||2335.75||3390|
|Provisional - Military||15||2161.266667||343.901246||1669||1791.5||2257||2419||2631|
Military regimes, and their hybridizations, are often cited as being more vulnerable to coups.3 These regime types have in general lower average food supply than both their autocratic counterparts and democracies.
Hendrix, C. S., & Haggard, S. (2015). Global food prices, regime type, and urban unrest in the developing world. Journal of Peace Research, 52(2), 143-157. ↩
Thyne, C. L. (2010). Supporter of stability or agent of agitation? The effect of US foreign policy on coups in Latin America, 1960—99. Journal of Peace Research, 47(4), 449-461. ↩